Exclusive Economic Zone

Exclusive economic zone is a zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea and the outer limit of the exclusive economic zone shall not exceed 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured (UNCLOS Article 55 and 57), shown in the light-blue and purple area in Figure A-1-1). The state has sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natural resources, whether living or non-living, of the waters superjacent to the seabed and of the seabed and its subsoil, and with regard to other activities for the economic exploitation and exploration of the zone, such as the production of energy from the water, currents, and winds (UNCLOS Article 1(a)). The state has exclusive rights with regard to the establishment and use of artificial islands, installations, and structures in order to explore and utilize non-living natural resources within this zone. The other states have freedom of navigation, over flight, and laying of submarine cables and pipelines.