Oil spills in the sea
- The status of spilled oil along the coastal areas of Thailand
- On January 15, 2006, accident of vessel namely “Eastern Fortitude” crashed into underwater rock “Hin Chalam” near near Juang Island off Chon Buri province, releasing 234 tons of fuel oil into the coastal off Rayong province, Gulf of Thailand.
- On December 26, 2004, accident of tanker namely “Dragon 1” crashed into ground near Krok Island off Chon Buri province, releasing 150 tons of crude oil into the coastal off Chon Buri province, Gulf of Thailand.
- On November 20, 2005, accident of single buoy mooring (SBM) of Thai Oil company by loosed of connected pipe near Sriracha district, Chon Buri province, releasing 20 tons of crude oil into the coastal off Chon Buri province, Gulf of Thailand.
Table 1 Records of oil spill accidents releasing the oil amount over than 20 tons in Thailand since 2001. (Source : Marine Department of Thailand)During 2004-2013, Department of Marine and Coastal Resources have been monitoring the contamination of oil in sea water off Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea using total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) as indicator. The sum total of thirteen incidents were recorded. The nine of thirteen incidents were detected in Eastern part of Gulf of Thailand consisted of 2004 (one), 2005 (two), 2006 (four), 2007 (one) and 2011 (one). The Andaman Sea, extended from Ranong province to Satun province, was detected only one incident in 2010. The contamination levels of TPH were ranged from 0.01 and 48.07 µg/l (as Chrysene equivalent). The most of contamination levels were over than the coastal seawater quality standard by Department of Pollution Control of Thailand (PCD, 2006). In 2015, a total of eight oil spill incidents were recorded in eastern Gulf of Thailand with six records in Rayong province and two records in Chon Buri province. However, only two incidents were known the sources whereas one incident was presented in record by Marine Department of Thailand. (Table 2)
Table 2 The records of oil spill in eastern part of the Gulf of Thailand in 2015In 2016, Department of Marine and Coastal Resources of Thailand was monitoring and assessed in cases of oil spills and tar ball along the coastal of Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea following as: Gulf of Thailand Eastern Gulf of Thailand A total of five oil spills were occurred three times in Chon Buri province and two times in Rayong province. (Table 3)
Table 3 The records of oil spill in eastern part of the Gulf of Thailand in 2016Upper Gulf of Thailand Only one oil spill off Samut Sakhon province coast was recorded. (Table 4)
Table 4 The records of oil spill in upper Gulf of Thailand in 2016Lower Gulf of Thailand A total of two oil spills were occurred two incidents in Songkhla province. (Table 5)
Table 5 The records of oil spill in lower part of the Gulf of Thailand in 2016
information : Marine and Coastal Resources Research & Development Institute Date : April 11, 2560