Definition and declaration.
The concept of biosphere reserve is one of the implementations for conservation of biological diversity and resources, was initiated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO, in 1971 under the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme. The program was established in order to protect balances of natural ecosystems with sustainable use and improve the relationships between people and their environment.
UNESCO has defined the biosphere reserve as areas of terrestrial coastal and marine ecosystems which internationally approved to promote solutions and demonstrate the balanced relationship between people and their environment. Each biosphere reserve is intended to fulfill 3 principal functions as the following:
a conservation function - to contribute to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation;
a development function - to foster sustainable developments in socio-cultural and ecological aspects
a logistic function - to provide support for research, monitoring, education and information exchange related to local, national and global issues of conservation and development.